Make your own free website on Tripod.com

HISTORY OF THE 13TH PA CAVALRY CONTINUED...

COMPELLED A RAPID RETROGRADE MOVEMENT ON THE PART OF MEADE. ON THE 12TH OF OCTOBER, THE REGIMENT, WHILE ON PICKET DUTY AT JEFFERSON, ON THE SOUTH SIDE OF THE RAPPAHANNOCK, OPPOSITE SULPHUR SPRINGS, WAS SUDDENLY ATTACKED, THE ENEMY COMING ON IN HEAVY FORCE. THE FOURTH PENNSYLVANIA CAVALRY SOON CAME TO ITS ASSISTANCE, AND THE TWO REGIMENTS MADE A DETERMINED STAND. IN THE AFTERNOON, THE ENEMY HAVING COME UP IN GREAT NUMBERS, AGAIN ATTACKED WITH VIOLENCE, AND DROVE BACK ITS LITTLE FORCE WHICH HAD MADE A GALLANT RESISTANCE, AND BEFORE IT COULD MAKE GOOD ITS ESCAPE ACROSS THE RIVER, TOOK A LARGE NUMBER OF PRISONERS. THE THIRTEENTH LOST ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTY-THREE IN KILLED, WOUNDED, AND MISSING, MOST OF THEM PRISONERS. AFTER CROSSING THE RIVER, THE COMMAND WAS ENGAGED DURING THE THREE SUCCEEDING DAYS, WITH THE CAVALRY, IN COVERING THE REAR AND FLANK OF THE ARMY IN ITS RETREAT TO CENTREVILLE, BEING ALMOST CONSTANTLY ENGAGED IN SKIRMISHING WITH THE ENEMY ADVANCE.

2ND BRIGADE, 2ND DIVISION, CAVALRY CORPS, ARMY OF THE POTOMAC, TO FEBRUARY, 1865.
      ON THE 24TH, THE REGIMENT WAS ORDERED TO DUTY AT ARMY HEADQUARTERS, RELIEVING THE SECOND PENNSYLVANIA CAVALRY. COMPANY G WAS SOON AFTER DETAILED FOR DUTY AT THE HEADQUARTERS OF THE SECOND ARMY CORPS, WHERE IT REMAINED UNTIL THE MIDDLE OF APRIL 1864. NEAR THE CLOSE OF NOVEMBER, WHEN RETURNING FROM THE ADVANCE OF THE MAIN ARMY TO MINE RUN, THE REGIMENT WAS JOINED BY TWO ADDITIONAL COMPANIES, RECRUITED IN HUNTINGDON COUNTY, UNDER COMMAND OF MAJOR GEORGE MC CADE.  DURING THE WINTER, IT WAS ASSIGNED TO DUTY ON THE ORANGE AND ALEXANDER RAILROAD, WITH HEADQUARTERS AT BRISTOE STATION, THE COMMAND BEING DISTRIBUTED ALONG THE ROAD FOR ITS PROTECTION AGAINST THE GUERILLAS OF MOSBY. ON THE 1ST OF JANUARY, 1864, IT JOINED THE BRIGADE IN A RECONNAISSANCE, WHICH TOOK IT FROM WARRINGTON, THROUGH FRONT ROYAL, SALEM, AND PARIS, RETURNING ON THE 3RD. THE WEATHER WAS EXCESSIVELY COLD, AND THE TROOPS WERE SUBJECT TO UNTOLD SUFFERING ON THE MARCH, NEARLY A THIRD OF THE ENTIRE COMMAND BEING FROST BITTEN. ON THE 8TH OF FEBRUARY, THE FIFTEEN COMPANIES WERE CONSOLIDATED INTO TWELVE, AND GEORGE F. MCCABE WAS COMMISSIONED MAJOR.

SERVED ATTACHED TO 9TH ARMY CORPS, ARMY OF THE POTOMAC, MAY 3-26, 1864.
O
N THE 3RD OF MAY, THE THIRTEENTH WAS ORDERED TO DUTY WITH THE NINTH CORPS, AND IN THE MARCH TO THE WILDERNESS, COVERED THE REAR OF THE CORPS, WHICH WAS IN REAR OF THE ENTIRE ARMY. IT PARTICIPATED IN THE SEVERE FIGHTING FROM THE 5TH TO THE 11TH OF MAY, AND IN THE FLANK MOVEMENT OF THE ARMY PAST SPOTTSYLVANIA COURT HOUSE, HAD THE ADVANCE, DRIVING IN THE ENEMY PICKETS.

2ND BRIGADE, 2ND DIVISION, CAVALRY CORPS, ARMY OF THE POTOMAC, CAVALRY COMMANED BY GENERAL SHERIDAN.
ON THE 26TH OF MAY, THE REGIMENT RETURNED TO THE BRIGADE, JOINING IT AT WHITE'S TAVERN. THE CAVALRY UNDER SHERIDAN, CONSISTING OF THREE DIVISIONS, COMMANDED BY MERRITT, WILSON, AND GREGG, WAS NOW ON A RAID TOWARDS RICHMOND. AT BEAVER DAM STATION, THE REBEL GUARD WAS ROUTED, A VAST AMOUNT OF STORES  WERE DESTROYED, AND

NEXT            BACK                       MAIN